Was Sherlock Holmes a real person? Not exactly, but Dr. Joseph Bell, the man who inspired the character of Sherlock Holmes, shared many qualities with the famous detective. Conan Doyle met Dr. Bell in 1877 at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. Conan Doyle was studying to be a doctor and Bell was one of his professors.
Bell was thirty-nine years old when Conan Doyle first attended one of his lectures. He is said to have walked with a jerky kind of a step that communicated great energy. His nose and chin were angular and his eyes twinkled with shrewdness. In addition to being a brilliant doctor, Bell was also an amateur poet, a sportsman and a bird-watcher.
By the end of Conan Doyle’s second year Bell had selected him to serve as an assistant in his ward. This gave Conan Doyle the opportunity to view Dr. Bell’s remarkable ability to quickly deduce a great deal about a patient. Dr. Bell observed the way a person moved. The walk of a sailor varied vastly from that of a solider. If he identified a person as a sailor he would look for any tattoos that might assist him in knowing where their travels had taken them. He trained himself to listen for small differences in his patient’s accents to help him identify where they were from. Bell studied the hands of his patients because calluses or other marks could help him determine their occupation.
So while Conan Doyle went on to write about the brilliant Sherlock Holmes, he played Dr. Watson, at least for awhile, to his professor. For those interested in Bell's medical prowess, we highly recommend his Manual of the Operations of Surgery For the Use of Senior Students, House Surgeons, and Junior Practitioners
(Source: Joe Riggs)